The Republic of Moldova is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. Moldova adopted a national anti-trafficking legal framework in 2005 through the Law on Preventing and Combating THB. The law covers the prevention, assistance and protection of trafficked people, liability of physical and legal persons for committing trafficking-related offences, cooperation between public authorities, NGOs and other representatives of civil society, as well as cooperation with other states and international organisations.
In Moldova a National Government Committee to Combat THB was created, chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister and comprising the Ministry of Internal Affairs and its Centre for Combating Trafficking in Persons (CCTIP), the Office of the General Prosecutor, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and European Integration, the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection and Family, as well as other ministries, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM), Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and national NGOs.
In 2007, under the Office of the General Prosecutor, a Coordination Council of law enforcement authorities with duties in the area of THB was created. In 2006 a National Referral System (NRS) was created in collaboration with IOM. The Government has ownership of the NRS and all major THB stakeholders are involved.
In the period 2006-2009 Moldova established a Transnational Referral Mechanism in the framework of theProgramme to Support the Development of Transnational Referral Mechanisms for Trafficked Persons in South-Eastern Europe funded by USAID and implemented by ICMPD. With regard to national legislation, in 2013 the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code were amended to provide new definitions of the crimes of pimping and organising of begging to better distinguish these crimes from the crime of THB.