The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is a country in South Asia. Pakistan introduced the Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking Ordinance (PACHTO) in 2002 and the Pakistan National Action Plan for Combating Human Trafficking in 2009. PACHTO is the first national law to recognise the need for protection of trafficked people and to criminalise trafficking for the purpose of “exploitative entertainment, slavery or forced labour or adoption in or out of Pakistan.”
According to the National Action Plan adopted in 2009, the Federal Investigation Agency (FIA) acts as National Rapporteur on human trafficking and coordinates anti-trafficking actions in Pakistan. As part of its anti-trafficking efforts, the Anti-Human Smuggling Wing of FIA created Anti-Human Trafficking Circles (previously known as ‘Passport Circles’) in 16 major cities of Pakistan. In addition, ‘Anti Human Trafficking Units’ have been established at the Provincial Police Headquarters, FIA Headquarters and FIA Zone Headquarters and a ‘Human Trafficking Information System’ has been installed.