The Republic of Turkey is a Eurasian country situated at the crossroads between Europe and Asia.
Turkey adopted national legislation via Article 80 of the Criminal Code in 2005 which defines THB and prescribes sentences from eight to twelve years of imprisonment. Following the first National Action Plan on Combating THB in 2003, a Second National Action Plan was prepared and approved by the Prime Minister in June 2009. The Council of Europe Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings was signed by Turkey on 19 March 2009, but is yet to be ratified. A National Task Force was established in November 2002 to serve as a coordination mechanism between the main national anti-trafficking stakeholders in the country. Three NGOs located in Istanbul, Ankara and Antalya run shelters in Turkey, and accommodate trafficked persons and support them during the assistance and protection process.
In 2013, the Directorate General for Migration Management (DGMM) was established. Within the DGMM, an integrated Department for Protection of Victims of Trafficking was formed in order to coordinate all anti-trafficking activities in Turkey.